Archaeology Program


Archaeology Major


The undergraduate degree in archaeology focuses on the systematic study of the human past through its material remains, by means of the excavation, recovery, and interpretation of artifacts and other associated evidence. Historical, environmental, and comparative components enable the examination of different culture systems through time and space, as well as the reconstruction of past lifeways and the interpretation of ancient social, political, and economic systems. The geographic scope of the program includes the Americas, Europe and the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the Near East. The educational goal of the program is to provide the student with a component of a liberal arts education that draws on both the social sciences and the humanities. It will also effectively prepare students for graduate study in anthropological archaeology, Mediterranean archaeology, museology, and historical preservation, or careers in contract archaeology and cultural resource management.

The degree offered is a bachelor of arts with a major in archaeology. There is now an honors track in archaeology. The curriculum also offers a minor.

Requirements (as of Spring 2010)

Archaeology majors must complete all requirements of the General College.

The archaeology major requires a minimum of 10 courses (30 hours) with at least 21 hours with a grade of C or better. Students must take one course in the logic of archaeological inference, two archaeological practice courses (a laboratory methods course and a field school), two comparative perspectives courses, one long-term history course, one topics in archaeology course, and three electives. One of the electives may be satisfied by offerings in any of these categories, selected according to the interests of the student. Independent research, directed readings, or honors thesis hours may be substituted for the elective chosen from the course offerings. The other two electives will be in related fields. Courses approved to meet these two electives are listed according to potential student interests. These categories are intended to help students select electives that are relevant to their interests within archaeology. Courses not listed above may be approved as electives by the advisor for the major. In choosing their comparative perspectives, long-term history, and topics in archaeology courses, students will be required to select courses from at least two of the participating departments.

Students may count only three introductory-level courses (numbered below 200) toward their major. Subject to the approval of the advisor for the major, students may count graduate seminars towards fulfillment of their comparative perspectives, long-term history, and topics in archaeology or electives requirements. Also subject to the approval of the archaeology major advisor, field schools sponsored by study abroad or other universities may be used to fulfill the archaeological practice field experience requirement.

For transfer students, at least half of the coursework in the major must be completed within the curriculum at UNC-CH.

Additional Requirements

• In choosing their comparative perspectives, long-term history and topics in archaeology courses students are required to select courses from at least two of the participating departments (Art, Anthropology, Classics and Religious Studies)

• Of the 30 hours required for the major, at least 21 must be completed with a grade of C or higher.

• Students may count only three introductory-level courses (numbered below 200) toward their major.

Course Requirements (see course descriptions and prerequisites)

• One course in the Logic of Archaeological Inference from the following list:

ANTH 220 Principles of Archaeology
CLAR 411 Archaeological Field Methods

• Two courses in Archaeological Practice from the following lists:

one must be a lab course
ANTH 411 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology
ANTH 413 Archaeobotany Lab Methods
ANTH 414 Laboratory Methods: Human Osteology
ANTH 415 Zooarchaeology
ANTH 417 Laboratory Methods: Lithic Seminar
ANTH 418 Laboratory Methods: Ceramic Analysis

and one must be a field school
ANTH 451 Field School in North American Archaeology
ANTH 453 Field School in South American Archaeology
CLAR 650 Field School in Classical Archaeology

• Two courses in Comparative Perspectives from the following list:

ANTH 121 Ancient Cities of the Americas
ANTH 143 Human Evolution and Adaptation
ANTH 145 Introduction to World Prehistory
ANTH 456 Archaeology and Ethnography of Small-Scale Societies
ANTH 468 State Formation
CLAR 050 First Year Seminar: Art in the Ancient City
CLAR 120 Ancient Cities
CLAR 470 History and Archaeology of Bathing (500 BC to today)

• One course in Long-Term History from the following list:

ANTH 148 Human Origins
ANTH 231 Archaeology of South America
ANTH 359 European Prehistory
ANTH 450 Archaeology of North American Indians
CLAR 241 Archaeology of Ancient Near East
CLAR 242 Archaeology of Egypt
CLAR 244 Greek Archaeology
CLAR 245 Archaeology of Italy
CLAR 247 Roman Archaeology
CLAR 262 Art of Classical Greece (ART 262)
CLAR 263 Roman Art (ART 263)
CLAR 268 Hellenistic Art and Archaeology: 350-31 BC
CLAR 460 Greek Painting (ART 460)
CLAR 475 Rome and the Western Provinces
CLAR 561 Mosaics: The Art of Mosaic in Greece, Rome and Byzantium
RELI 110 The Archaeology of Palestine: New Testament Period (CLAR/JWST 110)

• One course in Topics in Archaeology from the following list:

ANTH 054 First-year seminar. The Indians' New Worlds (AMST 054)
ANTH 232 Ancestral Maya Civilizations
ANTH 252 Prehistoric Foodways
ANTH 412 Paleoanthropology
ANTH 416 Bioarchaeology
ANTH 421 Archaeological Geology
ANTH 452 The Past in the Present
ANTH 455 Ethnohistory (FOLK 455)
ANTH 458 Archaeology of Sex and Gender (WMST 458)
ANTH 460 Historical Ecology (ENST 460)
CLAR 075 First-Year Seminar: The Archaeology of Death ...Ancient Mediterranean
CLAR 243 Minoans and Mycenaeans: The Archaeology of Bronze Age Greece
CLAR 375 The Archaeology of Cult: Material Culture of Greek Religion (RELI 375)
CLAR 448 Constantinople: The City and Its Art
CLAR 449 In Constantinople
CLAR 464 Greek Architecture (ART 464)
CLAR 465 Architecture of Etruria and Rome (ART 465)
CLAR 488 The Archaeology of the Near East in the Iron Age
CLAR 489 The Archaeology of Anatolia in the Bronze and Iron Ages
CLAR 490 The Archaeology of Early Greece: 1200-500 B.C.
RELI 063 First-Year Seminar. Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
RELI 512 Ancient Synagogues (JWST/RELI 512)

• One elective course chosen from any of the courses listed above. Independent research, directed readings, or honors thesis hours may be substituted for the elective chosen from the course offerings.

• Two additional electives from related fields as listed below. The following courses approved for electives are listed by potential student interest. Any two may be used to fulfill the degree requirement.

  • General Interest Electives:
    ANTH 123 Habitat and Humanity
    ANTH 151 Anthropological Perspectives on Food and Culture
    ANTH 262 Population Anthropology
    ANTH 334 Art, Myth, and Nature: Cross-Cultural Perspectives (FOLK 334)
    ANTH 377 European Societies
    ANTH 421 Archaeological Geology (GEOL 421)
    ANTH 438 Religion, Nature, and Environment (RELI 438)
    ANTH 459 Ecological Anthropology
    ART 151 History of Western Art I
    ART 152 History of Western Art II
    ART 450 The City as Monument
    ART 514 Monuments and Memory (HIST 514, INTS 514)
    ART 551 Introduction to Museum Studies
    ART 595 History and Theory of Museums
    BIOL 461 Fundamentals of Ecology (ECOL/ENST 461)
    ENST 201 Introduction to Environment and Society
    ENST 202 Introduction to the Environmental Sciences
    ENST 308 Environmental History
    ENST 479 Landscape Analysis
    GEOG 110 Geography of Environmental Systems
    GEOG 111 Weather and Climate
    GEOG 123 Cultural Geography
    GEOG 125 Cultural Landscapes
    GEOG 228 Urban Social Geography
    GEOG 370 Introduction to Geographic Information
    GEOG 419 Field Methods in Physical Geography
    GEOG 420 Fundamental Concepts of Human Geography
    GEOG 444 Landscape Biogeography
    GEOG 491 Introduction to GIS (PLAN 491)
    GEOG 595 Ecological Modeling
    GEOL 077 First-Year Seminar: Volcanoes and Civilization: An Uneasy Coexistence
    GEOL 101 Introductory Geology
    GEOL 105 Violent Earth
    GEOL 109 Earth, Climate, and Life through Time
    GEOL 301 Earth Materials: Minerals
    GEOL 404 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
    GEOL 417 Geomorphology (ENST 417)
    GEOL 501 Geological Research Techniques
    HIST 671 Introduction to Public History
    HIST 697 Myth and History

  • Electives appropriate for students interested in Historical Archaeology:
    AFAM 101 Black Experience to 1865
    AFAM 102 Black Experience since 1865
    AFAM 266 Black Women in America (WMST 266)
    AFAM 280 Blacks in North Carolina
    AFAM 569 African American Women’s History (HIST 569, WMST 569)
    AFRI 264 African Art and Culture
    AMST 210 Approaches to Southern Studies: A Historical Analysis of the American South
    AMST 275 Documenting Communities
    AMST 384 Myth and History in American Memory
    AMST 488 No Place Like Home: Material Culture of the American South (FOLK 488)
    ANTH 205 Anthropology of the South
    ANTH 340 Southern Style, Southern Culture (FOLK 340)
    ART 156 Introduction to Architecture
    ART 274 European Baroque Art
    ART 275 18th-Century Art
    ART 286 American Art from Colonial Times to the Present
    GEOG 261 The South
    GEOG 262 Geography of North Carolina
    GEOG 454 Historical Geography of the United States (FOLK 454)
    HIST 107 Medieval History
    HIST 127 American History to 1865
    HIST 128 American History since 1865
    HIST 227 Cathedral and Castle in Medieval England
    HIST 278 The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
    HIST 366 North Carolina History before 1865
    HIST 376 History of African Americans to 1865
    HIST 467 Society and Family in Early Modern Europe
    HIST 516 Historical Time
    HIST 531 History of the Caribbean
    HIST 534 The African Diaspora
    HIST 541 African Environmental History: Ecology, Economy, Politics
    HIST 561 The American Colonial Experience
    HIST 568 Women in the South (WMST 568)
    HIST 584 The Promise of Urbanization: American Cities in the 19th and 20th Centuries

  • Electives appropriate for students interested in the Archaeology of the Americas:
    AMST 203 Approaches to American Indian Studies
    AMST 231 Native American History: The East (HIST 231)
    ANTH 230 American Indian Societies (FOLK 230)
    ANTH 234 Native American Tribal Studies (AMST 234, HIST 234)
    ANTH 303 Native Languages of the Americas (LING 303)
    ART 157 Introduction to Latin American Visual Culture
    ART 469 Art of the Aztec Empire
    GEOG 259 Geography of Latin America
    GEOG 260 North America’s Landscapes
    HIST 110 Introduction to the Cultures and Histories of Native North America (AMST 110)
    HIST 142 Latin America under Colonial Rule
    HIST 143 Latin America since Independence
    HIST 232 History of Native Americans in the Southeast
    HIST 233 Native American History: The West (AMST 233)
    HIST 530 History of Mexico
    HIST 531 History of the Caribbean
    HIST 574 Spanish Borderlands in North America
    HIST 576 The Ethnohistory of Native American Women (WMST 576)
    LTAM 411 Summer Intensive Introductory Course in Yucatec Maya

  • Electives appropriate for students interested in the Archaeology of the Mediterranean and Ancient Near East:
    ART 467 Celtic Art and Cultures
    CLAS 071 First-Year Seminar: The Architecture of Empire
    CLAS 073 First-Year Seminar: Life in Ancient Pompeii
    CLAS 240 Women in Greek Art and Literature (WMST 240)
    CLAS 241 Women in Ancient Rome (WMST 241)
    CLAS 253 The Age of Pericles
    CLAS 254 Alexander and the Age of Hellenism
    CLAS 257 The Age of Augustus
    CLAS 258 The Age of the Early Roman Empire
    HIST 106 Ancient History
    HIST 225 History of Greece
    HIST 226 History of Rome
    HIST 420 Politics and Religion in Ancient Greece
    HIST 421 Alexander (PWAD 421)
    HIST 422 Ancient Greek Warfare (PWAD 422)
    HIST 423 Ancient Greek Society and Culture
    HIST 424 Ancient Athens
    HIST 425 Roman History, 154 BCE–14 CE
    HIST 427 The Early Roman Empire, 14 CE–193 CE
    HIST 428 The Later Roman Empire, 193 CE–378 CE
    RELI 103 Introduction to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Literature (JWST 103)
    RELI 106 Introduction to Early Judaism (JWST 106)
    RELI 503 Exploring the Dead Sea Scrolls (JWST 503)
    RELI 104 Introduction to New Testament Literature
    RELI 105 Religions of the Greco-Roman World
    RELI 109 History and Culture of Ancient Israel
    RELI 117 Culture of the Ancient Near East
    RELI 502 Myths and Epics of the Ancient Near East (FOLK 502)