Archaeology Program


Archaeology Major


The undergraduate degree in archaeology focuses on the systematic study of the human past through its material remains, by means of the excavation, recovery, and interpretation of artifacts and other associated evidence. Historical, environmental, and comparative components enable the examination of different culture systems through time and space, as well as the reconstruction of past lifeways and the interpretation of ancient social, political, and economic systems. The geographic scope of the program includes the Americas, Europe and the Mediterranean, Egypt, and the Near East. The educational goal of the program is to provide the student with a component of a liberal arts education that draws on both the social sciences and the humanities. It will also effectively prepare students for graduate study in anthropological archaeology, Mediterranean archaeology, museology, and historical preservation, or careers in contract archaeology and cultural resource management.

The degree offered is a bachelor of arts with a major in archaeology. There is now an honors track in archaeology. The curriculum also offers a minor.

Requirements (as of Spring 2014)

Archaeology majors must complete all requirements of the General College.

The archaeology major requires a minimum of 10 courses (30 hours) with at least 21 hours with a grade of C or better. Students must take one course in the logic of archaeological inference, two archaeological practice courses (a laboratory methods course and a field school), two comparative perspectives courses, one long-term history course, one topics in archaeology course, and three electives. One of the electives may be satisfied by offerings in any of these categories, selected according to the interests of the student. Independent research, directed readings, or honors thesis hours may be substituted for the elective chosen from the course offerings. The other two electives will be in related fields. Courses approved to meet these two electives are listed according to potential student interests. These categories are intended to help students select electives that are relevant to their interests within archaeology. Courses not listed above may be approved as electives by the advisor for the major. In choosing their comparative perspectives, long-term history, and topics in archaeology courses, students will be required to select courses from at least two of the participating departments.

Students may count only three introductory-level courses (numbered below 200) toward their major. Subject to the approval of the advisor for the major, students may count graduate seminars towards fulfillment of their comparative perspectives, long-term history, and topics in archaeology or electives requirements. Also subject to the approval of the archaeology major advisor, field schools sponsored by study abroad or other universities may be used to fulfill the archaeological practice field experience requirement.

For transfer students, at least half of the coursework in the major must be completed within the curriculum at UNC-CH.

Additional Requirements

In choosing their comparative perspectives, long-term history and topics in archaeology courses students are required to select courses from at least two of the participating departments (Art, Anthropology, Classics and Religious Studies)

Of the 30 hours required for the major, at least 21 must be completed with a grade of C or higher.

Students may count only three introductory-level courses (numbered below 200) toward their major.

Course Requirements (see course descriptions and prerequisites)

One course in the Logic of Archaeological Inference from the following list:

ANTH 220 Principles of Archaeology
ANTH 291 Archaeological Theory and Practice
CLAR 411 Archaeological Field Methods

Two courses in Archaeological Practice from the following lists:

one must be a lab course
ANTH 411 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology
ANTH 413 Archaeobotany Lab Methods
ANTH 414 Laboratory Methods: Human Osteology
ANTH 415 Zooarchaeology
ANTH 416 Bioarchaeology
ANTH 417 Laboratory Methods: Lithic Seminar
ANTH 418 Laboratory Methods: Ceramic Analysis

and one must be a field school
ANTH 451 Field School in North American Archaeology
ANTH 453 Field School in South American Archaeology
CLAR 650 Field School in Classical Archaeology

One course in Comparative Perspectives from the following list:

ANTH 121 Ancient Cities of the Americas
ANTH 123 Habitat and Humanity
ANTH 145 Introduction to World Prehistory
ANTH 222 Prehistoric Art
ANTH 456 Archaeology and Ethnography of Small-Scale Societies
ANTH 468 State Formation
CLAR 050 First Year Seminar: Art in the Ancient City
CLAR 120 Ancient Cities
CLAR 470 History and Archaeology of Bathing (500 BC to today)

Two courses in Long-Term History from the following list:

ANTH 148 Human Origins
ANTH 250 Archaeology of North America
ANTH 231 Archaeology of South America
ANTH 359 European Prehistory
CLAR 241 Archaeology of Ancient Near East
CLAR 242 Archaeology of Egypt
CLAR 244 Greek Archaeology
CLAR 245 Archaeology of Italy
CLAR 247 Roman Archaeology
CLAR 262 Art of Classical Greece (ART 262)
CLAR 263 Roman Art (ART 263)
CLAR 268 Hellenistic Art and Archaeology: 350-31 BC
CLAR 460 Greek Painting (ART 460)
CLAR 475 Rome and the Western Provinces
CLAR 561 Mosaics: The Art of Mosaic in Greece, Rome and Byzantium
RELI 110 The Archaeology of Palestine: New Testament Period (CLAR/JWST 110)

One course in Topics in Archaeology from the following list:

ANTH 054 First-year seminar. The Indians' New Worlds (AMST 054)
ANTH 232 Ancestral Maya Civilizations
ANTH 252 Prehistoric Foodways
ANTH 412 Paleoanthropology
ANTH 421 Archaeological Geology
ANTH 423 Written in Bone: CSI and the Science of Death Investigation
ANTH 454 The Archaeology of African Diasporas
ANTH 455 Ethnohistory (FOLK 455)
ANTH 458 Archaeology of Sex and Gender (WMST 458)
ANTH 460 Historical Ecology (ENST 460)
ANTH 538 Disease and Discrimination in Colonial Atlantic America
ANTH 550 Archaeology of the American South
ANTH 650 Reconstructing Life: Nutrition and Disease in Past Populations
CLAR 075 First-Year Seminar: The Archaeology of Death ... Ancient Mediterranean
CLAR 243 Minoans and Mycenaeans: The Archaeology of Bronze Age Greece
CLAR 375 The Archaeology of Cult: Material Culture of Greek Religion (RELI 375)
CLAR 448 Constantinople: The City and Its Art
CLAR 449 In Constantinople
CLAR 464 Greek Architecture (ART 464)
CLAR 465 Architecture of Etruria and Rome (ART 465)
CLAR 488 The Archaeology of the Near East in the Iron Age
CLAR 489 The Archaeology of Anatolia in the Bronze and Iron Ages
CLAR 490 The Archaeology of Early Greece: 1200-500 B.C.
RELI 063 First-Year Seminar. Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
RELI 512 Ancient Synagogues (JWST/RELI 512)

One elective course chosen from any of the courses listed above. Independent research, directed readings, or honors thesis hours may be substituted for the elective chosen from the course offerings.

Two additional electives from related fields. See Undergraduate Bulletin for a complete list of approved electives arranged by potential student interest. Any two may be used to fulfill the degree requirement.